Recruitment

In line with the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (the Trafficking in Persons Protocol)’s definition, behaviour of recruiters and recruitment agencies can constitute the crime of trafficking in persons if they recruit a person through fraud, deception, abduction, etc. for the purpose of exploitation. Recruitment agencies also could be part of complex organized criminal groups involved in human trafficking, knowing that the victims were going to be exploited.
  
Regardless of whether or not the actual exploitation takes place, recruitment through the use of means listed in the trafficking definition for the intended exploitation is sufficient to fulfill the elements of the definition of trafficking in persons. Sometimes recruiters and recruitment agencies may not be aware of the exploitative situations that the victims will eventually find themselves in, but may still engage in practices that make people particularly vulnerable to ending up in exploitative work. While such practices may fall outside the definition of trafficking in persons, they may still contribute to the vulnerability of people and a climate in which trafficking in persons can flourish.

Finally, as also agreed by the ILO, deceptive, coercive, or leveraged recruitment is one of the key elements in trafficking in persons.

Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains
Publications
12 November 2019

The report aims to presents research findings and recommendations on child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains. Jointly authored by the ILO, OECD, IOM and UNICEF under the aegis of Alliance 8.7, the report also represents...

Migrant Workers in South Asia and the Middle East: Promoting the Rights of Women Migrant Workers Through Employment Contracts
Publications
01 July 2019

“Promoting the Rights of Women Migrant Workers through Employment Contracts” identifies and compares existing contract provisions in the South Asia – Middle East corridor and summarizes strengths and gaps in protection in line with common right violations reported by women...

Migrant Workers in South Asia and the Middle East: Making International Labour Migration Governance Gender-Responsive
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01 July 2019

“Making International Labour Migration Governance Gender Responsive” outlines the role of labour migration governance and policies in determining the living and working conditions of women migrant workers through employment contracts. It identifies specific entry points in the labour migration governance...

Sitting on pins and needles: a rapid assessment of labour conditions in Vietnam’s garment sector
Publications
31 December 2018

This report is a rapid assessment of labour conditions in Vietnam’s export-oriented textile and garment sector. The findings of the report, that highlight the risk of forced labour, child labour and child slavery, showcase the need for pan-European legislation that...

Business: It’s Time to Act
Publications
01 December 2018

This brief guide, developed as part of the Decent Work in Global Supply Chains Action Platform, offers a quick overview of the steps businesses can take to help eliminate modern slavery, while highlighting key resources, initiatives and engagement opportunities to...

2018 ICT Benchmark Findings Report
Publications
21 June 2018

This report found that while technology companies are working to bring the world closer together, they are failing to connect with workers in their own supply chains. Our ICT benchmark ranked the top 40 global ICT companies—with a combined market...

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