Recruitment

In line with the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (the Trafficking in Persons Protocol)’s definition, behaviour of recruiters and recruitment agencies can constitute the crime of trafficking in persons if they recruit a person through fraud, deception, abduction, etc. for the purpose of exploitation. Recruitment agencies also could be part of complex organized criminal groups involved in human trafficking, knowing that the victims were going to be exploited.
  
Regardless of whether or not the actual exploitation takes place, recruitment through the use of means listed in the trafficking definition for the intended exploitation is sufficient to fulfill the elements of the definition of trafficking in persons. Sometimes recruiters and recruitment agencies may not be aware of the exploitative situations that the victims will eventually find themselves in, but may still engage in practices that make people particularly vulnerable to ending up in exploitative work. While such practices may fall outside the definition of trafficking in persons, they may still contribute to the vulnerability of people and a climate in which trafficking in persons can flourish.

Finally, as also agreed by the ILO, deceptive, coercive, or leveraged recruitment is one of the key elements in trafficking in persons.

Migrant Workers in South Asia and the Middle East: Promoting the Rights of Women Migrant Workers Through Employment Contracts
Publications
01 July 2019

“Promoting the Rights of Women Migrant Workers through Employment Contracts” identifies and compares existing contract provisions in the South Asia – Middle East corridor and summarizes strengths and gaps in protection in line with common right violations reported by women...

Migrant Workers in South Asia and the Middle East: Making International Labour Migration Governance Gender-Responsive
Publications
01 July 2019

“Making International Labour Migration Governance Gender Responsive” outlines the role of labour migration governance and policies in determining the living and working conditions of women migrant workers through employment contracts. It identifies specific entry points in the labour migration governance...

2018 ICT Benchmark Findings Report
Publications
21 June 2018

This report found that while technology companies are working to bring the world closer together, they are failing to connect with workers in their own supply chains. Our ICT benchmark ranked the top 40 global ICT companies—with a combined market...

How Companies can deal with Labour Exploitation in the Agricultural Sector
Publications
20 April 2018

Abstract This short paper tends to shed light and reflect on the way forward for companies to address labour exploitation in their agricultural supply chain. For that, it will first refer to some of the cases reported in Spain and...

Responsible Recruitment: Remediating Worker – Paid Recruitment Fees
Publications
20 November 2017

A major cause of forced labour in global supply chains is the charging of recruitment fees to migrant workers. Some companies have sought to reimburse workers charged these fees, many face serious challenges in doing so. Reimbursing worker-paid fees is...

Human Trafficking and Labour Exploitation in the Casual Construction Industry: An Analysis of Three Major Investigations in the UK Involving Irish Traveller Offending Groups
Publications
22 June 2017

Authors: Ella Cockbain & Helen Brayley-Morris Abstract Human trafficking and modern slavery are routinely framed as key threats facing society. Despite increased media, policy, and practitioner attention the evidence base remains underdeveloped. The numerous knowledge gaps include a lack of...

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