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Africa

As estimated by ILO (Global Estimate of Forced Labour, 2012), Africa currently has around 3.7 million people in slavery and is primarily considered a source region for victims of trafficking, with Western Europe identified as the main destination region.

Trafficking of children – both girls and boys – is frequently reported, as is trafficking of adult women. In some parts of the region, vulnerability to trafficking occurs in the context of seasonal or longer-term migration for employment. For example, a baseline study conducted in one West African country indicated that persons migrating for seasonal work were susceptible to forced labour, with young men and women particularly vulnerable. Such work was in some cases linked to export industries. Internal trafficking (the movement of persons within the boundaries of a single country) is also reported as widespread, involving children and young women moving from rural to urban areas for domestic work and prostitution.
(Source: Verité, 2012 – “Human Trafficking & Global Supply Chains: A Background Paper”)

Image: High Street, Shamwana, Katanga by Tom Skrinar, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

The Other Migrant Crisis – Protecting Migrant Workers against Exploitation in the Middle East and North Africa
Publications
09 March 2020

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region continues to host groups highly vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation. Migrant workers, particularly domestic workers, are known to be among those who are most at risk. While the region is confronted by...

Human Trafficking and Risky Migration Routes Data Collection: A Case Study from Kenya
Publications
17 December 2019

For the first time, comprehensive data is available for human trafficking and high risk migration routes relating to Kenya. The data identifies 38 countries as origin, transit and destination locations for abuse of victims – including eight countries in the...

TAGS:Africa
Recognising Lived Realities
Publications
01 December 2019

This briefing presents the findings of a project, led by University of Liverpool in partnership with FLEX and funded by the British Academy with the Department for International Development. The project assessed how transparency in supply chains for chocolate and...

“How They Tricked Us” Living with the Gibe III Dam and Sugarcane Plantations in Southwest Ethiopia
Publications
11 June 2019

For over a decade, the Oakland Institute has raised alarm about the conditions and threats that both the Gibe III Dam and the Kuraz Sugar Development Project pose for Indigenous communities in the region. Now, several years on, new research...

Bitter Sweets: Prevalence of forced labour & child labour in the cocoa sectors of Cote d’Ivoire & Ghana
Publications
01 December 2018

The primary aim of the study was to provide baseline estimates of prevalence of forced labour among children (aged 10-17 years) and adults (aged 18 and over) working in the cocoa sector in Ghana and Cote d’ Ivoire, as well...

The Global Business of Forced Labour: Report of Findings
Publications
31 May 2018

This report presents the findings from the Global Business of Forced Labour project. The project investigates the business models of forced labour in global agricultural supply chains. Over two years the project systematically mapped the business of forced labour, focusing...

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