By Remco E. Breuker & Imke van Gardingen

It has long been known, though difficult to verify, that citizens of North Korea are forced to work by the State on a far greater scale than seen elsewhere in the world. Recent estimates reveal that 1 in 10 North Koreans are living in modern slavery with the vast majority being forced to work by the state. While these estimates shed light on the scale of this crime, a more nuanced understanding of modern slavery in North Korea and the conditions that give rise to it, is required. The purpose of this study is to shed light on the hidden reality that is forced labour and other forms of modern slavery inside North Korea. Because it is not possible to directly survey or otherwise undertake data collection within North Korea, the study methodology involved conducting qualitative interviews with defectors from North Korea living in South Korea.

Pervasive, punitive, and predetermined: Understanding modern slavery in North Korea - Walk Free Foundation & Leiden University, 2018 DOWNLOAD
Vietnam Private Sector Assessment – A Preliminary Scoping Study
Publications 02 June 2018

The primary objective of the study is to provide a broadbased overview of the private sector in Vietnam as a stakeholder in combating modern slavery in the country. The following secondary objectives specify the details of the data that need to be...Read More

Situation Report: Trafficking in human beings in the EU
Publications 01 February 2016

Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for MS law enforcement agencies. Trafficking in human beings (THB) is a serious crime and an abuse of an individual’s fundamental rights and dignity. It involves the exploitation of v...Read More

TAGS: Europe
2018 ICT Benchmark Findings Report
Publications 21 June 2018

This report found that while technology companies are working to bring the world closer together, they are failing to connect with workers in their own supply chains. Our ICT benchmark ranked the top 40 global ICT companies—with a combined market c...Read More

Modern Slavery in Company Operation and Supply Chains: Mandatory transparency, mandatory due diligence and public procurement due diligence
Publications 13 September 2017

Modern slavery is everywhere, but cleaning it up is possible. Due diligence and transparency is the key to ending modern slavery in supply chains. The report gives an insight into the growing body of law and practice from international standards t...Read More