Manufacturing is a major source of employment around the world thus multiple cases of human trafficking and forced labour can be found in this industry. Workers may face hazardous working conditions such as exposure to extreme temperatures and hazardous chemicals, low wages and use of dangerous machinery. In the electronics and electrical goods manufacturing industry both internal and international migrants, make up a significant proportion of the workforce in many countries. Recruitment agents and labor contractors are heavily involved in the supply of labor to this sector which increases workers’ risk of being trafficked. Workers are often misled by recruiters about the jobs they will be placed in, including the nature of the work and the wages they will be paid, but also sometimes about the company they will be working for, or the region they will be working in. Debt bondage is also frequently correlated with recruitment in this sector, a consequence of workers borrowing to pay fees to recruiters to place them in their jobs, which given the low wages, the workers have difficulty paying off.

Vietnam Private Sector Assessment – A Preliminary Scoping Study
02 June 2018

The primary objective of the study is to provide a broadbased overview of the private sector in Vietnam as a stakeholder in combating modern slavery in the country. The following secondary objectives specify the details of the data that need...

UK Modern Slavery Helpline: Annual Assessment 2017
16 April 2018

The UK-wide Modern Slavery Helpline and Resource Centre was established in October 2016 to provide victims, the public, statutory agencies and businesses with access to information and support on a 24/7 basis. Operated by Unseen, in its first full year...

Exploitation and Resistance: A Comparative Analysis of the Chinese Cheap Labour Electronics and High-Value Added IT Sectors
15 October 2017

The article compares the electronics sector in the area of Shenzhen, based on cheap labour assembling goods for export, with the IT sector in the area of Shanghai, relying on a more skilled workforce manufacturing high value-added goods. The article...

Child Labor in Myanmar’s’ Garment Sector. Challenges and Recommendations
10 October 2017

This report explains the context of child labor in Myanmar, both across sectors and specifically for garment manufacturing. The report outlines a child-rights-based approach and recommendations for prevention and remediation of child labor.

Engaging the Private Sector to End Human Trafficking. A Resource Guide For NGO’s
01 October 2017

This guide aims to provide NGOs working on trafficking and forced labour, with knowledge and tools to engage the private sector in their work. Different vulnerable sectors and the role that corporations could potentially play in contributing to and preventing...

Labor Trafficking in Cambodia – A Review of the Public Justice System’s Response
27 September 2017

This report highlights relevant government agencies’ noteworthy recent accomplishments and improvements, remaining gaps and challenges, and recommendations for the Cambodian public justice system and its partners in combatting trafficking in persons. It calls for enhanced, expanded and institutionalized training, specific...

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