Information and Communications Technology

Human trafficking in the ICT sector may exist in the extractive stages (mining for raw material), in the component manufacturing stage (where separate pieces are produced or combined), and in the production stage (where a good is assembled and packaged in a factory). Though practices that lead to human trafficking might occur even earlier, in the recruitment process. Recruitment fees paid to a labor broker may cause indebtness to the worker, which may then lead to forced labor (debt bondage).

Transformative Technologies: How digital is changing the landscape of organized crime
News & AnalysisPublications
30 June 2020

Advances in technology are continuing to transform the illicit-trade landscape as dramatically as they are changing its legal counterpart, particularly as the increasing dominance of online trade provides a means to connect customers to vendors in a way that is...

Leveraging innovation to fight trafficking in human beings: a comprehensive analysis of technology tools
News & AnalysisPublications
22 June 2020

The publication takes stock of technology tools and initiatives developed to combat trafficking in human beings in its different forms in the OSCE area and beyond. It also examines the ways technology can be misused to facilitate trafficking in human...

2020 ICT Benchmark Findings Report
Publications
01 June 2020

The global electronics sector is comprised of powerful corporations—the 49 largest information communications and technology (ICT) companies have a combined market capitalization of US $5 trillion and combined annual profits of almost US$1 trillion. This brings with it a duty...

Technology, Anti-Trafficking, and Speculative Futures
Publications
27 April 2020

Over the past decade, scholars, activists, and policymakers have repeatedly called for an examination of the role of technology as a contributing force to human trafficking and exploitation. Attention has focused on a range of issues from adult services websites...

Catching the virus cybercrime, disinformation and the COVID-19 pandemic
Publications
03 April 2020

Cybercriminals have been among the most adept at exploiting the COVID-19 pandemic for the various scams and attacks they carry out. With a record number of potential victims staying at home and using online services across the European Union (EU)...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

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