Informal Sector

Little is known about human trafficking and labour exploitation in the informal sector. Businesses at high-risk are for example nail and hair salons, where predominantly women from Vietnam, China and South Korea are forced to work extensive hours for no or little wage at all. The workers’ health is also at risk as they are constantly exposed to harsh chemicals without wearing proper protective clothing.

Image: Pushkar, street vendor by Arian Zwegers, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

At a crossroads – unaccompanied and separated children in their transition to adulthood in Italy
Publications
08 November 2019

This research, commissioned by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), provides an overview of trends and possible pathways of transition to adult life of UASC...

Thailand Migration Report 2019
Graphics & InfographicsPublications
25 January 2019

The Thailand Migration Report 2019 contains 11 chapters that delve into themes such as working conditions, access to services, remittances, human trafficking and exploitation. Each chapter, written by a specific UN agency, provides up-to-date information on migration trends and patterns...

Assessment of the effects of annual drought and floods on child labour (hazardous and non-hazardous) and child welfare in Sri Lanka
Publications
01 December 2018

The study aims at understanding some of the disaster-related issues and location-specific, local dynamics that impact on the communities, village households, householder livelihoods and daily survival difficulties, which directly affects the well-being of their children and increase their vulnerability to...

Assessing forced labour risks in the palm oil sector in Indonesia and Malaysia
Publications
01 December 2018

This report highlights the critical role the Consumer Goods Forum (CGF) can play in mitigating forced labour risks in the production of palm oil by leveraging its industry leadership to spur the collective action of its members. There is strong...

Towards a global indicatoron on unidentified victims in child sexual exploitation material – Technical Report
Publications
01 December 2018

Ground-breaking research released by INTERPOL and ECPAT International into the online sexual exploitation of children suggests that when online images or videos of child sexual abuse depict boys or very young children, the abuse is more likely to be severe.

Minors in Kathmandu’s adult entertainment sector: What’s driving demand?
Publications
03 October 2018

Kathmandu’s adult entertainment sector (AES) is made up of a complex web of venues that includes massage parlours, dance bars, cabin restaurants and guest houses. These workplaces employ young women and girls as waitresses and dancers who entertain male patrons....

See all Publications