Garments & Textiles

According to the Financial Post garment manufacturing has become the world’s third-biggest industrial industry and one of the most labour intensive industries, directly employing at least 60 million people (ILO 2015). Human rights violations in the garment industry include forced and child labour, repression and discrimination, and unsafe, dirty and unfair working conditions. Employees may face might face excessive hours, forced overtime, lack of job security, denial of trade union rights, poor health, exhaustion, and denial of other basic human rights when on the job. In addition, the legal minimum wage in most garment producing countries is rarely enough for a worker to live on.

Image: Sweatshop project by marissaorton, posted on flickr, licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Country Profile: Romania – Abuses in Garment Sector
Publications
14 May 2019

Garment workers, mostly women, earn some of the lowest wages in the world while making clothes for some of the biggest fashion brands. Romania has about 300,000 oficial garment workers, who usually earn a minimum wage of about 230 EUR...

Corporate Human Rights Benchmark – 2018 Key Findings
Publications
12 November 2018

The 2018 Corporate Human Rights Benchmark assesses 101 of the largest publicly traded companies in the world on a set of human rights indicators. The companies from 3 industries – Agricultural Products, Apparel, and Extractives – were chosen for the...

The 2018 List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor
Publications
20 September 2018

Purpose of this Report The U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) has produced this eighth edition of the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor in accordance with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPRA), as amended. The TVPRA...

Reality Behind Brands’ CSR Hypocrisy: An Investigative Report on China Suppliers of ZARA, H&M, and GAP
Publications
20 June 2018

In the spring of 2015 and 2016, SACOM conducted undercover investigations inside four of Zara, H&M, and GAP’s supplier factories in China. Despite three brands’ CSR policies appear to be comprehensive and enable them to proclaim ethical, SACOM’s investigation reveals remarkable...

Liability of Social Auditors in the Textile Industry
Publications
11 December 2016

The„ expansion„ of„ the „social„ audit„ industry „exemplifies „the „neoliberal „culture „of „private„ and „voluntary „codes „of „conduct „in „combination „with „the „privatization„ of „inspections.„ „„Over-reliance „on „social „audits „and „the „quantification „of „measurement„ ignores „actual„ improvement„ to „working „conditions...

Supply Chain Risk Report: Child and forced labour in Canadian consumer products
Publications
01 December 2016

The report looks at Canada’s connection to the issues of human trafficking and forced and child labour, by cross-referencing recent data on Canadian imports with the U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor....

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