Extractives & Mining

Mining is carried out in almost every country in the world and plays an important role in many economies. Though many mineral reliant countries rank low on the Human Development Index, suggesting that workers in those regions may be particularly vulnerable to exploitation. Workers, adults as well as children, are exposed to highly hazardous working conditions in this sector including exposure to harsh chemicals and lack of personal protective equipment. Several minerals are closely tied to armed conflict. In this setting workers may be forced to mine through
induced indebtedness or under direct threat of violence. Mines are usually concentrated in remote areas, which leads to a high degree of isolation of workers making it physically unable for them to escape. Often mining activities create the only viable livelihood opportunity in a region, leaving workers with no alternatives even if they are facing exploitation. In some regions workers are recruited using recruitment offices who often provide the workers with misleading information. Many workers are then prevented from leaving their workplace through debt linked to their recruitment, physical isolation, and threats. Workers may also be sold to another person by a family member, who receives a payment for recruiting them, and the worker is then required to work off this fee.

Supplier Responsibility
Good PracticesPublications
01 January 2019

This 2019 Annual Progress Report outlines Apple’s efforts in 2018.

Corporate Human Rights Benchmark – 2018 Key Findings
Publications
12 November 2018

The 2018 Corporate Human Rights Benchmark assesses 101 of the largest publicly traded companies in the world on a set of human rights indicators. The companies from 3 industries – Agricultural Products, Apparel, and Extractives – were chosen for the...

OceanaGold in the Philippines: Ten Violations that Should Prompt Its Removal
Publications
31 October 2018

By Robin Broad, John Cavanagh, Catherine Coumans, and Rico La Vina The authors of this report—researchers from the United States, Canada, and the Philippines—have studied OceanaGold’s operations in the Philippines and other countries. The have visited the Didipio mine on...

2018 Responsible Mining Index – Summary Report
Publications
11 April 2018

The Responsible Mining Index (RMI) supports the principle that minerals and metals mining should benefit the economies, improve the lives of people and respect the environments of producing countries, while also benefiting mining companies in a fair and viable way....

The Hidden Cost of Jewelry: Human Rights in Supply Chains and the Responsibility of Jewelry Companies
Publications
01 February 2018

In this report, Human Rights Watch scrutinizes steps taken by key actors within the jewelry industry to ensure that rights are respected in their gold and diamond supply chains. The report focuses on the policies and practices of 13 major...

Supply Chain Risk Report: Child and forced labour in Canadian consumer products
Publications
01 December 2016

The report looks at Canada’s connection to the issues of human trafficking and forced and child labour, by cross-referencing recent data on Canadian imports with the U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor....

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