Aquaculture & Fishing

Human rights abuse in the aquaculture and fishing industry is a global issue. Hotspots for labour exploitation in this industry are Thailand and Ghana, although there are reported cases of migrant workers from e.g. Ghana, the Philippines, India and Egypt who are being trafficked to be forced to work on fisher boats in european countries such as Ireland.

Recruitment fees and related costs: What migrant workers from Cambodia, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Myanmar pay to work in Thailand
Publications
01 April 2020

Thailand has a long history of labour migration, initially as a country of origin, and more recently as a destination country. Today, Thailand is host to the largest number of migrant workers of all ASEAN member states, with approximately 2.8...

No Worker Left Behind: Protecting Vulnerable Workers from Exploitation During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
Publications
01 April 2020

This briefing builds on the understanding that labour exploitation is part of a spectrum ranging from labour compliance through to labour law violations, culminating at extreme exploitation in the form of forced labour. Research by FLEX and others shows that...

Seabound: The Journey to Modern Slavery on the High Seas
Publications
09 December 2019

For several years now, international media has shone a spotlight on the inhumane working conditions of migrant fishers from Southeast Asia. The vessels they work on reportedly use destructive, illegal, and unreported methods, which take a heavy toll on the...

Tracking Progress: Assessing Business Responses to Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in the Thai Seafood Industry
Publications
03 December 2019

Thailand is the fourth-largest exporter of seafood globally. For over a decade, labour abuse, particularly of migrant workers from Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR, has been widely documented within the Thai seafood industry. Media exposés linking forced labour and trafficking...

Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea: Using Technology to Highlight Suspicious Behaviors
Publications
13 June 2019

Illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing undermines the responsible management of commercial fishing and ocean conservation. It exploits the natural resources of coastal nations, reduces economic opportunity and threatens food security. IUU fishing is a low-risk, high-reward activity, especially on...

Flag States & Human Rights Report 2019: Protecting Human Rights at Sea
Publications
09 June 2019

The human rights obligations of States apply equally at sea, as they do on land. That said, human rights are frequently violated at sea, but the violations remain unpunished. This is hardly surprising given that it is difficult to monitor violations...

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