Aquaculture & Fishing

Human rights abuse in the aquaculture and fishing industry is a global issue. Hotspots for labour exploitation in this industry are Thailand and Ghana, although there are reported cases of migrant workers from e.g. Ghana, the Philippines, India and Egypt who are being trafficked to be forced to work on fisher boats in european countries such as Ireland.

Seabound: The Journey to Modern Slavery on the High Seas
Publications
09 December 2019

For several years now, international media has shone a spotlight on the inhumane working conditions of migrant fishers from Southeast Asia. The vessels they work on reportedly use destructive, illegal, and unreported methods, which take a heavy toll on the...

Tracking Progress: Assessing Business Responses to Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in the Thai Seafood Industry
Publications
03 December 2019

Thailand is the fourth-largest exporter of seafood globally. For over a decade, labour abuse, particularly of migrant workers from Myanmar, Cambodia, and Lao PDR, has been widely documented within the Thai seafood industry. Media exposés linking forced labour and trafficking...

Illegal Fishing and Human Rights Abuses at Sea: Using Technology to Highlight Suspicious Behaviors
Publications
13 June 2019

Illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing undermines the responsible management of commercial fishing and ocean conservation. It exploits the natural resources of coastal nations, reduces economic opportunity and threatens food security. IUU fishing is a low-risk, high-reward activity, especially on...

Flag States & Human Rights Report 2019: Protecting Human Rights at Sea
Publications
09 June 2019

The human rights obligations of States apply equally at sea, as they do on land. That said, human rights are frequently violated at sea, but the violations remain unpunished. This is hardly surprising given that it is difficult to monitor violations...

Modern Slavery in Pacific Supply Chains of Canned Tuna
Publications
01 June 2019

Between November 2018 and January 2019, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited 35 canned tuna companies and supermarkets – representing 80 of the world’s largest retail canned tuna brands – to answer a survey on their approach to human rights challenges,...

Increased Transparency of Forced Labour and Money Laundering in Seafood Supply Chains
Publications
04 February 2019

This briefing paper by Liberty Shared sets out recent improvements to the transparency of supply chains and analysis techniques and resources being increasingly applied by civil society to identify where exploitative activities exist in a supply chain and the nature...

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